Horse riding & training outline
Dressage & Jumping
The GOALS and POLICY
To provide a SAFE POSITION for the rider according to the NATURE of horse’s MOVEMENT and the nature of the RIDER’S PHYSIQUE to improve the horse’s and the rider’s athletic and mental abilities and technique to the FULLEST,
To make rider’s WEIGHT the most suitable load for the horse in order to display the horse’s athletic abilities to the fullest,
To establish a most simple system of communication between the rider and the horse that doesn’t make a plight for either of them, just to SHARE this SPORT with each other as ONE UNIT.
To DESIGN a rider or horse TRAINING PROGRAM that starts with the NATURAL SKILLS of each individual rider or horse, to improve them enough to move on to the next higher level taking one step forward at a time; each step is a prerequisite for the next.
To INSPIRE the rider in this invigorating sport.
The items marked by * are suitable for all levels.
The items marked by ** are more suitable for intermediate and advanced level.
The items marked by *** are more suitable for advanced level.
PREPARATION to get on the horse:
* First of all find out How to not MISS the horse until the next session ….. !!!
1- * Horse’s nature, personalities and general habits.
1-1- PROTECT and RESPET the horse and treat her /him KINDLY and with LOVE always.
1-2- Make sure your first priority is horse’s soundness and wellness.
1-3- FEED the horse properly.
1-4- Keep her / him CLEAN.
1-5- Keep her / him WARM, not cold not hot.
1-6- Take care of her / his hooves.
1-7- EXERCISE your horse, it’s important for her / him physical and mental wellness to have a daily basis exercise of 20 minutes to make her / him :
to SWEAT and to increase her / his HEART RATE BEAT to around 100 beats per minute.
1-8- Recomended conformation to choose a horse for dressage or jumping.
2- * Approaching a horse.
3- * Having a horse tied up.
4- * Grooming.
5- * Equipment.
6- * Tacking up .
7- * Walking a horse in hand.
8- * Riding apparel.
9- * Lunging a horse .
10- * Lunging at liberty.
11- * Mounting / dismounting.
* Now HOP ON !!!
This rider training program is based on:
* The nature of horse’s movement.
* Making the rider as the best suitable load for the horse.
* The nature of rider’s physique.
* Rider’s safety.
offers 4 types of seats :
2 point seat
3 point seat,
1- * The nature of the horse’s MOVEMENT.
2- Getting RIGHT SPOT on the horse.
2-1- * 2 point .
2-2- * 2 point seat (for Jumping).
2-3- 3 point seat (* for Dressage & ** for Jumping).
2-4- *** Half seat (for Jumping).
3- * Rider’s posture to perform the above techniques.
3-1- Head and neck
3-2- Upper body
3-2-2- Back and lower back
3-3-1- Upper arms
3-3-2- Lower arms
3-3-4- Hands, fingers and holding the rein(s)
3-4-2- Lower legs
3-4-3- Ankle joints
4- * Rider’s body angulations.
4-1- * At 2 point.
4-2- * At 2 point seat.
4-3- * (for Dressage) ** (for Jumping) At 3 point seat.
4-4- *** At Half seat.
5- * Maintaining the right spot on the horse with FOLLOWING the horse’s movement.
5-1- Equilibrium independent of the thrust of horse’s movement.
5-1-1- * BALANCE to Follow the horse’s movement at 2 point .
5-1-2- * The margin of the equilibrium at 2 point.
5-2- Equilibrium dependent upon the thrust of the movement of the horse .
5-2-1- * Following the horse’s movement with rider’s body at 2 point seat.
5-2-2- * (for Dressage) ** (for jumping) Following the horse’s movement with rider’s body at 3 point seat.
5-2-3- *** Following the horse’s movement with rider’s body at half seat.
5-3- * Following the horse’s movement with rider’s hands for all the above techniques.
5-3-1- * Making CONNECTION with the horse’s moth.
5-3-2- * Rider’s ARM role to maintain connection and following the movement.
5-3-3- ** Rider’s hand role for connection.
5-3-4- *** Lively connection.
5-4- * Inhalation – Exhalation.
6- *GRIP at 2 point, 2 point seat and half seat:
6-1- * To increase the margin of the equilibrium.
6-2- * To regain the right spot on the horse when it is lost.
6-3- * To maintain the right spot on the horse when the horse makes a strong sudden/abrupt movement.
7- Making COMMUNICTION with the horse under saddle by HAND(S), LEG(S) and BODY :
7-1- * RIDER’s POLICY to apply signals.
7-1-1- Why do you need to apply signal(s)? To impact the horse’s MOVEMENT, PATH and posture.
7-1-2- There are 2 kinds of signals in general:
7-1-2-1- Maintaining signals: to prevent the horse to change the current performance.
7-1-2-2- Changing signals: to change the horse’s current performance.
7-1-3- How hard and for how long do you apply a signal? Hard enough and for long enough time with indication of getting result before you release the signal.
7-1-4- What is the indication of getting the result? When horse doesn’t ignore the signal and shows improvement at the result by the next same signal.
7-1-5- When do you assess that how hard and for how long time do you need to apply a signal? At warming up time.
7-1-6- When do you start to apply a signal?
7-1-6-1- For maintaining signals: when the horse starts to change the current performance that horse shows it usually by her/his posture in advance.
7-1-6-2- For changing signals: In advance according to the ANTICIPATORY TIME that is the time that the horse needs to show the result.
7-1-7- How anticipatory time could be minimized for a horse at the same session? When a signal has recently been repeated, more practice more improvement.
7-2- * HANDS(s) signals.
7-2-1- Holding the rein(s)
7-2-2- Shortening the rein(s)
7-2-3- Lengthening the rein(s)
7-2-4- Contact with the bit
7-2-4-1- Adjusting the length of the rein(S) to have contact.
7-2-4-2- Maintaining contact with the bit while horse moving.
7-2-5- Keeping the horse’s jowl and neck and conjunction hinges between horse’s head and neck supple.
7-2-5-1- Give & take action.
7-2-5-2- See saw action.
7-2-5-3- Vibrating action.
7-2-6- Indications of stiffness of horse’s jowl.
7-2-7- Making a stiff jowl supple.
7-2-8- Horse’s PATH controlling hand(s) signals
7-2-8-1- Rider’s hands
7-2-8-2- Rider’s forearms
7-2-8-3- Rider’s elbows
7-2-8-4- Rider’s wrest
7-2-8-5- Getting sight
7-2-9- Horse’s MOVEMENT controlling hand(s) signals
7-2-9-1- Speed controlling
7-2-9-2- Impulsion controlling
7-2-9-3- Transitions controlling
7-2-9-4- Horse’s shoulders movement controlling
7-2-9-5- Horse’s haunches movement controlling
7-2-10- Horse’s POSTURE controlling hand(s) signals
7-2-10-1- Horse’s head and neck position controlling
7-2-10-2- Bending horse’s neck
7-2-10-3- Flexing horse’s neck
7-2-10-4- Lowering the horse’s neck
7-2-10-5- Moving the horse’s neck up
7-2-11- RHYTHMIC HAND(S) SIGNALS
7-2-11-1- * At walk
7-2-11-2- * At trot
7-2-11-3- ** At canter
7-3- ** LEGS(S) signals,
7-3-1- PUSHING LEG(S) SIGNALS : Are steady compression with the rider’s leg(s) against the horse’s rib cage.
7-3-1-1- ** Pushing the horse’s forehand / shoulders / forelegs.
7-3-1-2- ** Pushing the horse’s haunches / hind legs.
7-3-1-3- ** BENDING the horse.
7-3-1-4- *** Collecting the gaits.
7-3-1-5- *** SHORTENING the stride.
7-3-1-6- *** TRANSITIONS.
7-3-2- ENERGIZING LEG(S) SIGNALS: Are poking compression with the rider’s leg(s) against the horse’s rib cage.
7-3-2-1- * Increasing SPEED.
7-3-2-2- ** Increasing IMPULSION.
7-3-2-3- *** HALF HALT.
7-3-2-4- *** LENGTHENING the stride.
7-3-2-5- *** UPWARD Transitions
7-3-3- ** RHYTHMIC LEG(s) SIGNALS
7-3-3-1- At walk
7-3-3-2- At trot
7-3-3-3- At canter
7-3-4- ***LEG(S) SIGNALS WITH SPURS
7-4- *** BODY signals;
7-5- *** COMBINED signals.
7-6- * Equilibrium while applying signals.
7-6-1- * INDEPENDENCY.
7-6-2- * Using margin of the equilibrium.
8- Taking CONTROL of horse’s:
8-1- * MOVEMENT,
8-2- * PATH,
8-3- ** POSTURE.
9- PRACTICES to improve techniques.
9-1- * Practice for 2 point.
9-1-1- 2 point
9-1-2- 2 point swinging shoulders
9-1-3- ** Catalectic practices: all the above over cataleptics.
9-1-4-*** Catalectic gymnastic jumping
9-2- * Practices for 2 point seat:
9-2-1- * Mounted exercises
9-2-2- * Swinging shoulders
9-2-3- * One stirrup riding
9-2-4- ** Catalectic practices: all the above over cataleptics.
9-2-5-***+ Catalectic gymnastic jumping
9-3- Practices for 3 point seat:
9-3-1- ** Riding WITHOUT STIRRUPS at WALK and TROT:
9-3-2- ** Riding in the 6,8,10 metre CIRCLES
9-3-3- ** Riding in a FIGURE of 8 with 6,8,10 metre circles
9-3-4- ** CAVALLETTIES exercises
9-3-5- ** TRANSITIONS: progressive, non progressive and upward, downward
9-3-6- ** The above exercises at CANTER:
9-3-7- ** The above exercises WITH STIRRUPS.
9-4- Practices to improve half seat.
9-5- Practices to improve hand signals by Just using hand signals:
9-5-1- keeping the muzzle of the horse inside along the fence
9-5-2- Bending the neck of the horse along the fence
9-5-3- Keeping the horse on a straight line
9-5-4- Keeping the horse on a circle
9-5-5- Changing the size of a circle
9-5-6- Two 10 metre circle in a 20 metre circle practice
9-5-7- 5 metre circle in a 10 metre circle practice
9-5-8- Figure of eight in a 20 metre circle
9-5-9- Making a square with poles in the middle of a dressage ring a
little off the centre and taking steady diagonal curves from the track to the square and returning to the opposite track on steady diagonal curves and leaving the track right away toward the square on and on to practice improving hand signals.
9-5-10- Like the above with changing direction on the square
9-5-11- Taking the corners of the ring in a 6 , 8 , 10 metre quarter circle
9-6- PRACTICES to improve pushing leg signals by Performing below practices with minimum using hands signals.
9-6-1- ** Keeping the horse on a straight line
9-6-2- ** Keeping the horse on a circle
9-6-3- ** Changing the size of a circle
9-6-4- ** Two 10 metre circle in a 20 metre circle practice
9-6-5- ** 5 metre circle in a 10 metre circle practice
9-6-6- ** Figure of eight in a 20 metre circle
9-6-7- ** Making a square with poles in the middle of a dressage ring a little off the centre and taking steady diagonal curves from the track to the square and returning to the opposite track on steady diagonal curves and leaving the track right away toward the square on and on to practice improving hand signals.
9-6-8- ** Like the above item with changing direction on the square.
9-6-9- ** Taking the corners of the ring in a 6, 8, 10 metre quarter circle.
9-7- PRACTICES to improve energizing leg signals:
Performing below practices with minimum using hands signals.
9-8-PRACTICES to improve COMBINED SIGNALS.
9-8-1- ** Increasing the speed .
9-8-2- ** Reducing the speed .
9-8-3- ** Lengthening the stride .
9-8-3-1- At walk.
9-8-3-2-At trot and canter.
9-8-4- ** Shortening the stride .
9-8-4-1- At walk and trot.
9-8-4-2- At canter.
9-8-5- ** Collecting the gaits:
9-8-5-1- At Walk.
9-8-5-2- At Trot.
9-8-5-3- At Canter.
9-8-6- ** Half halt .
9-8-7- ** Increasing impulsion .
9-8-8- ** Transitions .
9-8-9- ** Progressive transitions (upwards, downwards) .
9-8-10- *** Non progressive transitions (upwards, downwards) .
9-8-11- ** Turn on the forehand .
9-8-12- ** Leg yielding .
9-8-13- ** Shoulder in .
9-8-14- ** Rein back .
9-8-15- ** Halt .
9-8-16- ** Haunches in (traverse .
9-8-17- ** Renvers .
9-8-18- ** Canter flying change of the legs .
9-8-19- *** Half pass .
9-8-20- ** Turn on the hind leg (piroett) .
9-8-20-1- ** At Walk
9-8-20-2- *** At Canter
9-8-21- *** Counter canter
9-8-22- *** Piaffe
9-8-23- *** Passage
10- *** SPECIAL TECHNIQUES
10-1- For the both jumping and dressage:
10-1-1- Lively CONNECTION.
10-1-2- ENHANCING SIGNALS.
10-1-3- MINIMIZING SIGNALS.
10-1-4- Making the horse to GET ON the BIT.
10-1-5- BENDING the horse’s NECK to the sides.
10-1-6- Having the horse’s NECK SUPPLE .
10-1-7- STRAIGHTENING the horse’s NECK.
10-1-8- Creating COLLECTION.
10-1-9- STRAIGHTENING the horse’s TOP LINE (from top view).
10-1-10- BENDING the horse’s TOP LINE EVENLY(from top view).
10-1-11- Moving the horse on a STRAIGHT line.
10-1-12- Moving the horse on a circle.
10-1-13- Moving SUPPLE.
10-1-14- Moving in IMPULSION.
10-1-15- Moving STEADY.
10-1-16- Moving BALANCE.
10-1-17- Moving ACTIVE.
10-1-18- Moving CALM.
10-1-19- Moving the horse with NO RESISTANCE.
10-1-20- Moving the horse RHYTHMIC.
10-2- *** SPECIAL TECHNIQUES for DRESSAGE:
10-2-1- Get the horse’s HEAD on the VERTICAL.
10-2-2- Get the POLL as HIGHEST part of the neck.
10-2-3- Get the horse’s MUZZLE and HIP POINT on the same HORIZONTAL LINE.
10-2-4- BENDING the NECK to the sides.
10-2-5- ARCHING the NECK.
10-2-6- Having the horse’s NECK SUPPLE .
10-2-7- STRAIGHTENING the horse’s NECK.
10-2-8- Bringing the HIND LEGS underneath.
10-2-9- STRAIGHTEN the horse’s TOP LINE (from top view).
10-2-10- BEND the horse’s TOP LINE EVENLY(from top view).
10-2-11- MOVE in a STRAIGHT line.
10-2-12- MOVE in a CIRCLE.
10-3***SPECIALTECHNIQUES for JUMPING:
10-3-1- CHANGING 2 point seat to 3 point seat and reverse.
10-3-2- 2 point position from 3 point seat.
10-3-3- Jumping GYMNASTICS WITHOUT STIRRUPS.
10-3-4- Jumping at TROT.
10-3-5- GRID exercise.
10-3-6- APPROACHING LINES to the jump:
10-3-6-1- STRAIGHT and perpendicular to the jump.
10-3-6-2- STRAIGHT and in a SHARP ANGLE to the jump.
10-3-6-3- Taking SMALL CURVES.
10-3-6-4- Approaching to the CORNER of the jump.
10-3-7- Encouraging the horse to jump.
10-3-8- Following the horse’s movement when she/he takes off to jump.
10-3-9- Balancing over the jump .
10-3-10- Absorbing the shock and energy of landing.
10-3-11- COURSE ASSESSMENT.
10-3-12- WARMING UP the HORSE.
10-3-13- WARMING UP the RIDER.
10-3-14- Single jumps.
10-3-14-3- TRIPLE BAR.
10-3-14-4- WATER jump.
10-3-15- DISTANCE jumps.
10-3-16- COMBINATION jumps.
10-3-17- Jumping AGAINST the CLOCK (JUMP OFF):
10-3-17-1- Before STARTING LINE.
10-3-17-2- At LANDING POINTS.
10-3-17-3- On the WAY.
10-3-17-4- Taking SMALL CIRCLES.
10-3-17-7- DISTANCE jumps.
10-3-17-8- COMBINATION jumps.
10-3-17-9- LAST JUMP.
10-3-18- TAKE OFF POINT adjustment.
10-3-18-1- See a stride.
10-3-18-2- Taking off Close to the jump.
10-3-18-3- Taking off far away from the jump.
10-3-19- Puissance events.
*** How to not MISS the horse until the next session ….. !!!
The features noted in “Horse riding & training outline” :
are not complete, more headlines and details to follow at a later date.
This page is to be continued..